from webinar series about E-COMMERCE SECURITY
Security is one of the most important aspects of an e-commerce business. For an online store, being able to gain a customer’s trust should be top priority. If you are unable to protect your customers’ personal data and credit card information then you can forget about doing business online. Your job is to provide safe web browsing and secure transactions.
In order to provide your customers with the safest possible online shopping experience, there are three main security features that your e-commerce site cannot be without. They are secure hosting, SSL encryption and PCI compliance. With these three working in sync, your online store will have heavy duty protection, which will enable customers to have full confidence in making purchases.
The first thing you need is secure and reliable hosting without it, your e-commerce website will not be able to run smoothly. It’s important to have plenty of bandwidth to handle potential floods of traffic. Large disk space to store unlimited products and customer information. A strong firewall to protect important data, and the host provider must guarantee an uptime that is as close to 100% as possible.
SSL encryption provides security over networks. It’s basically a system that codes and decodes sensitive data such as a customer’s personal information or online transactions to protect it against hackers. E-commerce solutions typically provide 128 bit encryption which is already very secure, but some offer 256 bit for added protection.
PCI compliance is a standard which was created by major players in the credit card industry in 2006. It ensures that all online businesses that process store and transfer credit card information do so in a secure environment. In order to become PCI compliant, you must be able to build and maintain a secure network, protect cardholder data, maintain a vulnerability management program, implement strong access control measures, regularly monitor and test networks and maintain an information security policy.
What you need is an e-commerce solution that offers daily backups, has close to a 99.9% uptime, provides state of the art firewall protection, has a data center with great backup generators, offers real-time protection monitoring, uses either 128 or 256 bit SSL encryption and is fully PCI compliant.
Core Commerce provides customers with e-commerce security that can’t be beat. It even uses 256 bit encryption which is the highest in the industry. With design tools to set up your store in minutes, a full list of growing features at your disposal and superior support, it’s no wonder they are rated one of the best e-commerce solutions. Try it absolutely free for 15 days without giving them your credit card information.
Equally accessible to lawyers and computer security professionals alike, The Computer Law and Security Report regularly covers: Data protection and privacy Data and software protection European community developments in IT, IP and telecoms law IT contracts Telecommunications law and online liability Internet law and security policy Electronic commerce Internet fraud and misuse Systems security and risk management The Forum includes more than 80 specialists in computer law and security – between them specializing in every aspect of computer and communications law – spotting trends, highlighting practical concerns, monitoring new problems, and outlining key developments. Each issue contains well-researched reliable and thought provoking articles, case studies, detailed features and news reports – ensuring that you do not miss out on the impact of legislation worldwide and that you understand the problems of managing the legal and security requirements of computer use. Special Features Contact details of authors and features. Web site references for further information including document access guidance on where to obtain further information. Detailed appendices after articles Header summaries on each feature for easy scanning Product and people news Regular IT case law analysis and recent legislation Clear and easy to read Worldwide panel of expert correspondents Thorough index of each volume Compsec 2000 * the 17th World Conference on Computer Security, Audit & Control * will take place 1-3 November 2000 in Westminster, London, UK. Share the latest thinking and practice in all aspects of computer security with internationally renowned invited speakers, debates, workshops, case studies and a conference exhibition.
Software copyright is the extension of copyright law to machine-readable software. While many of the legal principles and policy debates concerning software copyright have close parallels in other domains of copyright law, there are a number of distinctive issues that arise with software. This article will primarily focus on topics peculiar to software.
Software copyright is used by proprietary software companies to prevent the unauthorized copying of their software. Open source licenses also rely on copyright law to enforce their terms. For instance, copyleft licenses impose a duty on licensees to share their modifications to the copylefted work under some circumstances. No such duty would apply had the software in question been in the public domain.
EULAs and rights of end users
The Copyright Act expressly permits copies of a work to be made in some circumstances, even without the authorization of the copyright holder. In particular, “owners of copies” may make additional copies for archival purposes, “as an essential step in the utilization of the computer program”, or for maintenance purposes. Furthermore, “owners of copies” have the right to resell their copies, under the first sale doctrine and 17 U.S.C. § 109.
These rights only apply to “owners of copies.” Most software vendors claim that their products are “licensed, not sold”, thus sidestepping 17 U.S.C. § 117. American courts have taken varying approaches when confronted with these software license agreements. In MAI Systems Corp. v. Peak Computer, Inc., Triad Systems Corp. v. Southeastern Express Co., and Microsoft v Harmony, various Federal courts held that “licensed, not sold” language in an EULA was effective. Other courts have held that “no bright-line rule distinguishes mere licenses from sales…The label placed on a transaction is not determinative”. The Ninth Circuit took a similar view (in the specialized context of bankruptcy) in Microsoft Corp. v. DAK Industries, Inc.
Fair use is a defense to an allegation of copyright infringement under section 107 of the Copyright Act of 1976. This section describes some of the uses of copyrighted software that courts have held to be fair. In Galoob v. Nintendo, the 9th Circuit held that modification of copyright software for personal use was fair. In Sega v. Accolade, the 9th Circuit held that making copies in the course of reverse engineering is a fair use, when it is the only way to get access to the “ideas and functional elements” in the copyrighted code, and when “there is a legitimate reason for seeking such access”.
Main article: Copyleft
A copyleft is a type of copyright license that allows redistributing the work (with or without changes) on condition that recipients are also granted these rights.
International Privacy Laws
The following list contains a number of international privacy related laws by country and region. Wherever possible, these hyperlinks reference an English translation of the law. See also our list of U.S. Privacy Laws and other information security policy resources.
- Argentina: Personal Data Protection Act of 2000 (aka Habeas Data)
- Austria: Data Protection Act 2000, Austrian Federal Law Gazette part I No. 165/1999
(Datenschutzgesetz 2000 or DSG 2000).
- Australia: Privacy Act of 1988
- Belgium: Belgium Data Protection Law and Belgian Data Privacy Commission Privacy Blog
- Brazil: Privacy currently governed by Article 5 of the 1988 Constitution.
- Bulgaria: The Bulgarian Personal Data Protection Act, was adopted on December 21, 2001 and entered into force on January 1, 2002. More information at theBugarian Data Protection Authority
- Canada: The Privacy Act – July 1983
Personal Information Protection and Electronic Data Act (PIPEDA) of 2000 (Bill C-6)
- Chile: Act on the Protection of Personal Data, August 1998
- Colombia: Two laws affecting data privacy – Law 1266 of 2008: (in Spanish) andLaw 1273 of 2009 (in Spanish) Also, the constitution provides any person the right to update their personal information
- Czech Republic: Act on Protection of Personal Data (April 2000) No. 101
- Denmark: Act on Processing of Personal Data, Act No. 429, May 2000.
- Estonia: Personal Data Protection Act of 2003. June 1996, Consolidated July 2002.
- European Union: European Union Data Protection Directive of 1998
- EU Internet Privacy Law of 2002 (DIRECTIVE 2002/58/EC) With a discussion here.
- Finland: Act on the Amendment of the Personal Data Act (986) 2000.
- France: Data Protection Act of 1978 (revised in 2004)
- Germany: Federal Data Protection Act of 2001
- Greece: Law No.2472 on the Protection of Individuals with Regard to the Processing of Personal Data, April 1997.
- Guernsey: Data Protection (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law of 2001
- Hong Kong: Personal Data Ordinance (The “Ordinance”)
- Hungary: Act LXIII of 1992 on the Protection of Personal Data and the Publicity of Data of Public Interests (excerpts in English).
- Iceland: Act of Protection of Individual; Processing Personal Data (Jan 2000)
- Ireland: Data Protection (Amendment) Act, Number 6 of 2003
- India: Information Technology Act of 2000
- Italy: Data Protection Code of 2003
Italy: Processing of Personal Data Act, January 1997
- Japan: Personal Information Protection Law (Act) (Official English Translation)
Law Summary from Jonesday Publishing
- Japan: Law for the Protection of Computer Processed Data Held by Administrative Organs, December 1988.
- Korea – Act on Personal Information Protection of Public Agencies Act on Information and Communication Network Usage
- Latvia: Personal Data Protection Law, March 23, 2000.
- Lithuania: Law on Legal Protection of Personal Data (June 1996)
- Luxembourg: Law of 2 August 2002 on the Protection of Persons with Regard to the Processing of Personal Data.
- Malaysia – Common Law principle of confidentiality Personal data Protection Bill(Not finalized) Banking and Financial Institutions Act of 1989 privacy provisions.
- Malta: Data Protection Act (Act XXVI of 2001), Amended March 22, 2002, November 15, 2002 and July 15, 2003
- Mexico: Federal Law for the Protection of Personal Data Possessed by Private Persons (Spanish) – The regulations deal with data subjects’ rights, security and breach notification provisions, cloud computing, consent and notice requirements, and data transfers. Good summary of the law in English at the IT Law Group
- Morocco: Data Protection Act
- Netherlands: Dutch Personal Data Protection Act 2000 as amended by Acts dated 5 April 2001, Bulletin of Acts, Orders and Decrees 180, 6 December 2001
- New Zealand: Privacy Act, May 1993; Privacy Amendment Act, 1993; Privacy Amendment Act, 1994
- Norway: Personal Data Act (April 2000) – Act of 14 April 2000 No. 31 Relating to the Processing of Personal Data (Personal Data Act)
- Philippines: DATA PRIVACY ACT OF 2011 There is also a recognized right of privacy in civil law and a model data protection code.
- Romania: Law No. 677/2001 for the Protection of Persons concerning the Processing of Personal Data and the Free Circulation of Such Data
- Poland: Act of the Protection of Personal Data (August 1997)
- Portugal: Act on the Protection of Personal Data (Law 67/98 of 26 October)
- Singapore – The E-commerce Code for the Protection of Personal Information and Communications of Consumers of Internet Commerce. Other related Singapore Laws and E-commerce Laws .
- Slovak Republic: Act No. 428 of 3 July 2002 on Personal Data Protection.
- Slovenia: Personal Data Protection Act , RS No. 55/99.
- South Africa: Electronic Communications and Transactions Act, 2002
- South Korea: The Act on Promotion of Information and Communications Network Utilization and Data Protection of 2000
- Spain: ORGANIC LAW 15/1999 of 13 December on the Protection of Personal Data
- Switzerland: The Federal Law on Data Protection of 1992
- Sweden: Personal Data Protection Act (1998:204), October 24, 1998
- Taiwan: Computer Processed Personal data Protection Law – applies only to public institutions. (English Translation)
- Thailand: Official Information Act, B.E. 2540 (1997) for state agencies. ( Personal data Protection bill under consideration.)
- United Kingdom: UK Data Protection Act 1998
Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003 official text, and a consumer oriented site at the Information Commissioner’s Office.
- Vietnam: The Law on Electronic Transactions 2008
- ^ Microsoft Corp. v. Harmony Computers & Elecs., Inc., 846 F. Supp. 208 (E.D.N.Y. 1994)
- ^ Vernor v. Autodesk, Inc., 555 F.Supp.2d 1164 (W.D.Wash. 2008).
- ^ Microsoft Corp. v. DAK Indus., Inc., 66 F.3d 1091 (9th Cir. 1995)
- ^ “Categories of free and nonfree software”. http://www.gnu.org. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ^ “What is copyleft?”. http://www.gnu.org. Retrieved 2011-10-29.